Wisdom Teeth Extraction
Adults typically develop 32 teeth. The last four, your wisdom teeth (or third molars), are the last to erupt. They typically emerge somewhere in your late teens or early 20s. These teeth are also the ones that are most likely to cause problems. At Newport Dental Group, we can help you determine whether your wisdom teeth need to be extracted.
Common Issues Caused by Wisdom Teeth
There are some people who never experience problems with their wisdom teeth, and they erupt just like any of your other teeth. For many other people, however, the wisdom teeth cause a significant amount of pain. This is often due to your wisdom teeth being impacted. Impacted wisdom teeth are those that do not properly erupt through the gum tissue. They may be blocked, or they may be growing at an angle. When your wisdom teeth are impacted, they can lead to one or more of several issues:
Diagnosing Impacted Wisdom Teeth
Pain at the back of your jaw is often an indication of impacted wisdom teeth. If you suspect issues with your wisdom teeth, it is important that you seek treatment right away. To diagnose your impacted wisdom teeth, we perform a thorough oral exam. We first visually inspect the interior of your mouth, checking for signs of an infection (red, swollen gum tissue). We will also take X-ray images of your mouth, which will allow us to see what is happening below the gum line. We can see the position of your wisdom teeth, any cysts that may have formed, and any damage to adjacent teeth. If we determine that your wisdom teeth are impacted, we will then move ahead with the extraction process.
How Wisdom Teeth are Extracted
There are two types of extractions. The first is known as a simple extraction and the second is known as a surgical extraction.
After a local anesthetic, the tooth is gripped with forceps and moved back and forth, widening the periodontal ligament. When the ligament is wide enough, the tooth is lifted out.
Impacted wisdom teeth are often extracted through surgical extraction. After a local anesthetic, incisions are made in the gums, exposing the impacted tooth and your jawbone. We then begin the process of removing the tooth. This sometimes involves the removal of a small amount of bone. In some instances, we may need to break the tooth and remove it in sections. When the tooth is completely removed, the area is cleaned, and your gums are sutured closed.
Removing impacted wisdom teeth can greatly relieve your pain and discomfort. It can also greatly improve your oral health. If your wisdom teeth are causing you pain, call Newport Dental Group today at (949) 574-0100.